What is Mohenjo Daro famous for
They designed public bath near the granary. A public bath was planned with brick-lined pool. They used Tar layer in bath construction to keep it safe from leaking. They built the pool of 12m X 7m with the depth of 2.4 m in the center for religious and spiritual ceremonies. The house maps were designed to protect from noise, odors, and thieves. A sanitation system was excellent in that civilization. They build wells in the city to fulfill the water requirements. They designed separate bathrooms with homes. There were covered drains in the streets to divert the waste water. There were smaller lanes opened in the courtyards of the houses. Two stories buildings were also constructed in that civilization. This civilization had large well and central marketplace as it was agricultural city. Mohenjo-Daro also had a building with underground boiler probably for heated bath.
Mohenjo Daro was a well fortified city so it has strong defence. In the main settlement of west it also had towers. Fortifications structure of Muhenjo Daro and Harappa (another civilization of Indus Valley) are similar to each other so it is considered that Mohenjo Daro served as the administrative center.
Mohenjo Daro city is destroyed seven times. Every time novel city rebuilt on the top of the old city. Main reason of destruction of the city is considered the Flood of Indus river. There are two main parts of the city Citadel city and the Lower City. Unfortunately mostly lower city is uncovered. Residential portion of the Citadel city is designed for the 5000 citizens. There are two main assembly halls in the Citadel part of the city. Facility of the public bath rooms was also available in citadel city. Mohenjo Daro and Harappa were discovered in 1920 so nobody know about civilizations of Indus river before 1920.
Discovery of 10.8 cm long bronze statue of the dancing girl from Mohenjodaro is very strange and interesting. It shows that even before 5000 years ago culture of the mohenjodaro is was very civilized. Statuette of dancing girl is favorite for British archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler. Accourding to him this statue looks like statue of 15 years old girl. Statue show that bangles were used and like by girls even before 5000 years ago.
There is another artifact of male sculpture, or "Priest King".This is about 17.5 cm tall and has become a symbol for the Indus valley civilization. It was discovered in 1927 from lower town at Mohenjo-Daro. Sindhi Ajruk around the body of Priest Kings shows that Culture of Sindhi Ajruk was also exist even before 2500 B.C.E. The status of the Priest King is displayed in National museum of Karachi.